Trans-Alaska pipeline is only reasonable way to get the crude
oil from the north slope of Alaska, (Prudhoe Bay), to Valdez
(the northernmost ice-free port in North America). It transports
13% of the nation's domestic oil production.
BY 5 PIPELINE COMPANIES:
- BP Pipelines (Alaska) Inc.
- ConocoPhillips Transportation Alaska, Inc.
- Exxon Pipeline Company
- Koch Alaska Pipeline Company, L.L.C.
- Unocal Pipeline Company
- Oil discovered at Prudhoe
- First pipe laid: March 27,
1975. First oil flowed: June 20, 1977
- Total workforce (1969-1977):
- Permits required: State-832;
- 11 Pump Stations, 6 currently
48-inch dia. High-tensile carbon steel
Wall thickness: 0.462 or 0.563 inches
- Max operation pressure:
1,180 psi (Ibs./sq. inch) 71 gate- and 80 check valves (safety
devices to block oil flow)
- Can stop oil flow in 4 minutes
- Comprehensive monitoring
and repair program
- Cost to build: $8 billion
- Avg. daily throughput 1996:
- Highest daily throughput:
2,145,297 barrels, January 14, 1988
- Oil travel time: 6.2 days
at 5.4 mph
- 50 tankers loaded each month
- More than 14,500 tankers
have been loaded with approximately 11 billion barrels of
- Storage Capacity at Valdez
Marine Terminal (VMT): 9.18 million barrels (7 Tankers)
VALDEZ OIL SPILL:
Tanker Capacity: 53 million
gallons (200 million L.) (1.3 million Barrels)
Spill: 11 million Gallons (40 million L.) (270,000 barrels)
For more information
on the Exxon Valdez oil spill, please visit the following
Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council
Post-Spill Monitoring Program in Prince William Sound
your question to email@example.com
For more information
on the pipeline, visit the Alyeska
Pipeline Service Company site.
State Nick Name: "The Last Frontier" - the name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word "Aleyska," meaning "great land."
State Motto: "North to the Future"
State Capital: Juneau, located in the Southeast region of Alaska, has a population of 31,275 (2010 Census)
NOTE: The State of Alaska is not responsible for the content/information on any site outside of a State of Alaska department.